Porsche center 高崎前橋


A Buying Agreement Where the Exporting Country Can Fulfill


If the EU has a trade agreement with the country you want to export to, the agreement may provide additional protection. You may need to provide certificates attesting that your product meets the country`s health and safety requirements. These may differ from those in the EU. In a compensation agreement, the seller supports the marketing of products manufactured by the buyer`s country or allows part of the assembly of the exported product to be carried out by manufacturers in the buyer`s country. This practice is common in aerospace, defense and some infrastructure industries. Compensation is also more common for larger and more expensive items. A compensation agreement can also be called industrial participation or industrial cooperation. Trade defence measures could be applied to your product by the importing country. Such measures can entail significant costs to consider when planning your export. The most relevant anti-dumping measures are those, but there may also be countervailing or protective measures. Although your buyer usually acts as an importer in accordance with the contractual agreement and bears these additional costs, these can be an obstacle to successful and sustainable transactions. Unlike domestic transactions, the buyer`s qualification for the importing company and the actual use or marketing of your product in the destination country must be carefully considered. Finally, depending on the type of multinational enterprise, investments in each country reflect the desire for a return in the medium and long term, since the construction of a factory, the training of workers, etc.

can be costly. Therefore, once established in a jurisdiction, multinational enterprises are potentially vulnerable to arbitrary state intervention such as expropriation, sudden renegotiations of contracts, and arbitrary withdrawal or compulsory purchase of licenses. Thus, both the bargaining power of multinationals and the criticism of the "race to the bottom" can be overstated, while the benefits (in addition to tax revenues) of setting up multinational corporations in a jurisdiction are underestimated. It is also important to keep an eye on the risk-return ratio. Although the risk of franchising is much lower in terms of capital investment, the operating income is also much lower (depending on the existing franchise agreement). Although this is a faster and cheaper way to enter, it ultimately results in a profit sharing between the franchisor and the franchisee. Incoterms® define the responsibilities of sellers and buyers for the delivery, insurance and transport of goods under purchase contracts and determine who is responsible for customs export formalities in the EU and import formalities in the country of destination. Offshoring means that a company moves a business process from one country to another.

It depends on your agreement and contract with the buyer, but in most cases it is advisable to leave the import customs clearance to the buyer, who then pays the customs duties as well as the additional taxes and duties due on the import. Remember that the latter increases the price of your product in your export market. These so-called disembarkation costs should always be competitive. Data on the international movement of goods are generally obtained by means of declarations to the customs authorities. When a country applies the general trading system, all goods entering or leaving the country are covered. When the special trade system (e.B extra-EU trade statistics) is applied, goods received in customs warehouses are recorded in external trade statistics only if they are subsequently released for free circulation in the country of destination. Related terms include "nearshoring," "inshoring," and "bestshoring," also known as "rightshoring." Nearshoring is the relocation of business processes to (usually) cheaper foreign sites that are still geographically close (e.g. B, the relocation of business processes from the United States to Canada/Latin America). Inshoring involves the selection of services within a country, while bestshoring involves selecting the "best shoreline" based on various criteria. Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) refers to outsourcing agreements when entire business functions (such as finance and accounting and customer service) are outsourced.

More specific terms can be found in the field of software development; for example, global information system as a class of systems developed for/by globally distributed teams. Shipping in international trade is a variant of the open account, where payment is sent to the exporter only after the goods have been sold by the foreign trader to the end customer. An international consignment company is based on a contractual agreement in which the foreign distributor receives, manages and sells the goods for the exporter, who retains ownership of the goods until they are sold. It is clear that exporting by shipment is very risky because the payment of the exporter is not guaranteed and his goods are in the hands of a trader or independent agent in a foreign country. Shipping helps exporters become more competitive through better availability and faster delivery of goods. Consignment selling can also help exporters reduce the direct costs of warehousing and inventory management. The key to success in export on shipment is partnering with a reputable and trustworthy foreign distributor or external logistics service provider. Adequate insurance should be in place to cover goods shipped during transport or in the possession of a foreign merchant and reduce the risk of non-payment.

You must also ensure that the country you wish to export to does not apply any prohibitions or restrictions to your product that prevent it from entering or being placed on the market in the country. Although your buyer usually assumes responsibility for importing, operating or marketing your product, for successful and sustainable transactions, you should be aware of import bans as well as import restrictions in the importing country. The export of certain goods or the export of a product to a particular country of destination may be prohibited or restricted. You may need a license or authorization. In contract manufacturing, a lender enters into an agreement with the contracted manufacturer to produce and ship the lender`s goods. The export of services includes all services provided by residents to non-residents. National accounts record all direct purchases by non-residents in the economic territory of a country as exports of services; Therefore, all spending by foreign tourists on the economic territory of a country is considered part of the export of services from that country. International flows of illegal services must also be included. Finding a lawyer who specializes in international trade can help you avoid regulatory and legal pitfalls and resolve disputes if necessary. You should also gain some knowledge of international conventions, the trade laws that govern your target market, and the existing trade agreements between that market and Canada. Foreign direct investment is made for many reasons, including to take advantage of cheaper wages in the country, special investment privileges such as tax exemptions, which the country offers as an incentive to obtain duty-free access to the country`s or region`s markets.


 - 未分類